ISKENDERUN

ISKENDERUN (formerly Alexandretta), harbor town on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey on the gulf of the same name; population (2004), 173,900. The town (along with its district), first attached to Syria under the French mandate, was annexed to Turkey in 1939. Jews settled in Iskenderun in the Middle Ages. They were expelled by the Crusaders in 1098, but returned during the 16th century. During the 17th century the Jews of Iskenderun were among the supporters of Shabbetai Ẓevi\>\> . The community was small and numbered some tens of families. After World War I about 20 families remained in Iskenderun. Most of the Jews emigrated from Iskenderun to Israel with the establishment of the State. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Galanté, Histoire des Juifs d' Istanbul (1941). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: EIS2, 4 (1960), 138. (David Kushner (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Iskenderun — İskenderun …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Iskenderŭn — Iskenderŭn, arab. Name für Alexandrette …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Iskenderun — → Alejandreta …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Iskenderun — [is ken′də ro͞on΄] seaport in S Turkey, on the Mediterranean: pop. 176,000 …   English World dictionary

  • İskenderun — Infobox Settlement settlement type = subdivision type = Country subdivision name = TUR timezone=EET utc offset=+2 map caption =Location of PAGENAME within Turkey. timezone DST=EEST utc offset DST=+3official name = İskenderun other name= image… …   Wikipedia

  • İskenderun — Vorlage:Infobox Ort in der Türkei/Wartung/Landkreis İskenderun …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Iskenderun — /is ken deuh roohn /, n. 1. Formerly, Alexandretta. a seaport in S Turkey, on the Gulf of Iskenderun. 79,291. 2. Gulf of, an inlet of the Mediterranean, off the S coast of Turkey. 45 mi. (72 km) long; 28 mi. (45 km) wide. * * * ▪ Turkey formerly… …   Universalium

  • İskenderun — İskẹnderun,   Hafenstadt in der Provinz Hatay, Südtürkei, am Golf von İskenderun (Mittelmeer), in der schmalen, fruchtbaren Küstenebene am Fuße des Amanos, (1990) 176 000 Einwohner (1970: 79 300 Einwohner); Eisen und Stahlwerk (Inbetriebnahme… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Iskenderun — Alexandrette İskenderun Alexandrette La bataille d Issos Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • İskenderun — Alexandrette İskenderun Alexandrette La bataille d Issos Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

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